(STICKY) (NEWZIMBABWE) UK wanted Mugabe out by military force:Mbeki
COMMENT - Also see:
(YOUTUBE, AL JAZEERA) Talk to Al Jazeera - Thabo Mbeki: 'Justice cannot trump peace' (10:52 to 16:20)
President Mbeki: "There is a retired chief of the British armed forces, who said that he had to withstand pressure from the then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Tony Blair. Tony Blair, who was saying to the Chief of the British armed forces,"You must work out a military plan so that we can physically remove Robert Mugabe." We knew that, because we had come under the same pressure, that we need to cooperate in some scheme, it was a regime change scheme, even to the point of using military force. And we are saying no."
Also read: (HERALD ZW) UK invasion plot exposed - MrK
FORMER South African president Thabo Mbeki has made startling revelations about how the British government was determined to depose Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe using military force.
Speaking during an interview with Al Jazeera, Mbeki said South Africa was under pressure from the UK to participate in a regime change scheme to depose Mugabe and his Zanu-PF party, a move which Pretoria refuted.
Mbeki helped broker a now defunct power sharing agreement between the Movement for Democratic Change and Zanu-PF following a disputed election in 2008 which left at least 200 people dead.
"There is a retired chief of the British armed forces [Lord Charles Guthrie]... he had to withstand pressure from the then prime minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair... Tony Blair who was saying to the chief of the British armed forces you must work out a military plan so that we can physically remove Robert Mugabe," said Mbeki.
"We knew that because we had come under the same pressure that we need to co-operate in some scheme. It was a regime change scheme, even to the point of using military force and we were saying no." Mbeki criticised the manner in which Britain wanted to take the responsibility of choosing a leader for the people of Zimbabwe.
".... You are coming from London you say you don’t like Robert Mugabe for whatever reason, people in London don’t like him... we are going to remove him then you are going to put someone else in his place. Why does it become a British responsibility to decide who leads Zimbabwe?" he said.
Labels: ROBERT MUGABE, THABO MBEKI, UK
(STICKY) (DAILY MAVERICK SA) (Mis)understanding land reform: an issue ripe for political plucking
COMMENT - This article mentions Ben Cousins book "In The Shadow Of Policy", a collection of essays on land reform in South Africa, published by the University of Witwatersrand. The ANC is feeling the heat from the successful land redistribution in Zimbabwe, and Julius Malema's EFF, which has put land reform at the top of it's program. Also see here. - MrK
Two books were launched on land reform on Wednesday night. The land issue is poorly understood but crucial to the country’s politics. As the ANC propose new policies to win votes, the authors of the books hope to add critical insight before the political football is kicked into the elections. By GREG NICOLSON.
The Umhlaba exhibition at the Wits Art Museum chronicles the land issue. One hundred years after the passing of the Land Act, the photography, carefully chosen, imbues a sense of the tragic dispossession and landlessness that runs through so many South African veins and still determines lives today. With a slow walk through the extensive exhibition, including work from around 30 photographers, the photos give a sense of the issue, an understanding that one can relate to, whether you’re an academic or just dropping by, intrigued.
Discussion around land reform struggles to convey such an understanding of the intricacies. Speaking at the launch of a new book on land reform on Wednesday at the museum, Professor Ben Cousins says it is hard for academics to talk to the nation about the issue, so emotional yet so poorly understood. People in urban areas have difficulties getting issues of the land, he said, at the launch of In the Shadow of Policy - which Cousins and Paul Hebinck edited. It’s time for novelists and filmmakers to stand up.
Failed percentages of redistribution and restitution, issues of communal land, agrarian productivity, subsistence farmers, rural class divides, farming mentorships, and business models - the issues of land reform are complex. Check the proposed legislation and you’ll find multiple Bills ready to address problems with what has been a largely continuously failing attempt at land reform since 1994. But to understand what’s on the table you’ll need to look at the goals and results, which are contested, sift through the current legislation and policy documents, and read studies on what’s worked, what hasn’t and why.
In all that, there’s the emotional issue. With 20 years of failed attempts at land reform, the issue is ripe for populist politicians, says Cousins. “There’s little doubt the Restitution of Land Rights Amendment Bill is a vote catching exercise,” he says of proposed legislation. Cousins says an official high up in the Presidency told him as much. The populist rhetoric around land reform dominates discourse and the ANC’s policies are positioned to build black bourgeoisies, says Cousins.
The Restitution of Land Rights Amendment Bill, which the public can submit comments on until Friday, will allow new claims until 2018, after criticism that the 1998 cut-off date meant many people had missed out. But even that has problems. The Department of Rural Development and Land Reform issued a warning on Tuesday against people trying to swindle land claimants. “It has come to the attention of the department that there are people who are collecting money from unsuspecting community members saying that they will help them with their land claims,” said Mtobeli Mxotwa, spokesperson for Minister Gugile Nkwinti. Applications and the lodging material are free of charge.
“It has very little to do with poverty reduction,” said Michael Aliber on the current policy. He was also launching the book Trajectories of Change in Northern Limpopo Province, South Africa. The ANC in 2009 named land reform as one of their priorities but the recent medium-term budget shows a decline in funding, he added.
The Department of Rural Development and Land Reform estimates that 397,000 valid claims will be lodged once the restrictive timeframe on claims is extended, to cost between R129 billion and R179 billion if the claims are settled within 15 years. Before announcing the medium-term budget, Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan reportedly told journalists the department would need to pay the costs from its own budget. Figures from the Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies suggests the midterm budget cut funds for land restitution by 12% and reform 19% compared to the February allotment.
In the Shadow of Policy discusses the separation between state policy and actual experiences of land reform. “There’s a severe if not disastrous disconnect between the aims of policy and the reality on the ground,” says Cousins. Policy often constrains new farmers, ignores improvisation and innovation. Cousins says there’s a blueprint being used pushing large-scale commercial farming and ignoring small-scale needs, which is influenced by our “naïve 21st century version of modernisation”.
The problems are largely political. There’s an election on the way and voters know land reform is far from successful. Meanwhile, Julius Malema’s Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) are campaigning on a platform of radical policies to address poverty and inequality, one of the key issues being land reform. “To get rid of the curse you must give back the land. You are in possession of stolen property,” Malema said to white South Africans at the party’s Marikana launch. The first of the party’s seven policy pillars is: “Expropriation of South Africa’s land without compensation for equal redistribution in use.”
The ANC understands the political issue and has a raft of new policies on the table. There’s the extension of land claims, proposals to scrap the “willing buyer willing seller” model and the green paper on land reform.
Critics say the changes are just electioneering. For all Malema’s bluster, EFF’s proposals haven’t the meat to be convincing either.
But it’s hard to get to the bottom of the problem and find strategies that would actually help. As some of the top land reform academics discussed the problem on Wednesday night, the discourse was academic, suspended in the lofty heights of those who spend their lives trying to understand the issue. Unlike the photos, which draw the viewer in, frame after frame, shot across generations, the land reform discussion is stuck in the paralysis of electioneering and academia.
The authors of In the Shadow of Policy and Trajectories of Change in Northern Limpopo Province, South Africa hope they can change that and, crucially, offer critical insight as the political football is kicked into the elections. DM
Photo: Flowers near the small town of Darling in a farming area on the west coast region of the Western Cape approximately 75 km from Cape Town, Wednesday, 10 October 2012. Picture: Nardus Engelbrecht/SAPA
Nicolson left his hometown of Melbourne to move to Johannesburg, beset by fears Australia was going to the dogs. With a camera and a Mac in his bag, he ventures out to cover power and politics, the lives of those included and those excluded. He can be found at the tavern, searching for a good story or drowning a bad one.
Labels: ANC, JULIUS MALEMA, LAND REFORM
(STICKY) (NEWZIMBABWE) MDC-T blasts Zanu PF as 2m face starvation
by Staff Reporter
COMMENT - This is the MDC at it's treasonous, seditious best. They lie, to give Zimbabwe a negative image abroad, so they may get into power. This puppetry and sabotage is why people think twice about Western dominated 'democracy'. Democracy comes from the people, not foreign funded parties and NGOs. For the real numbers behind the numbers, read Prof. Ian Scoones article: Food crisis in Zimbabwe: 2.2 million at risk. But where do the figures come from, and what do they mean? - prof. Scoones mentions underreporting of: income, productivity in the A1 areas, concentration of on the dry south (where only 20% of the population live), livestock sales, early cropping and remittances. He also mentions the use of pre-land reform sampling frames; also 1/3 of the number may only be food insecure for a short period before the next harvest. Also check out his post "Dodgy data and missing measures: why good numbers matter (part I)". - MrK
AN MDC-T shadow minister this week blamed Zanu PF’s land reform programme and poorly-conceived agricultural policies over a national food crisis that has left up to two million people in need of food aid.
Moving a motion calling for a parliamentary committee to investigate the food crisis, the MDC-T’s shadow agriculture minister Samuel Sipepa Nkomo accused Zanu PF of reducing the country from a net exporter to a perennial food beggar.
He dismissed as deplorable plans by the government to import maize from Zambia through an “eat now pay later arrangement” saying this was evidence of failed leadership.
In September, the Rome-based World Food Programme (WFP) warned that some 2.2 million people were in need of urgent food aid.
From prof. Scoones, who predicted: "The 2.2 million figure is of course a good flag-waving number for the WFP to raise funds, and for the CFU to bash the government for the land reform (and even President Mugabe is now joining the critique of the ‘new farmers’), but the actual implications are more complex. Here are five reasons why we need to be cautious about the figures." - MrK
The United Nations agency said this was the highest number of Zimbabweans requiring food assistance since early 2009, when more than half the population relied on such aid.
Said Nkomo: “The victims of elite capture have been the ordinary villagers of Kezi and Siyachilaba who have to contend with debilitating food shortages following the dysfunctionality of a hitherto well laid out food market chain.”
Zimbabwe has suffered intermittent food shortages since 2000 when agricultural output fell after President Robert Mugabe decided to seize white-owned commercial farms to distribute to blacks.
Nkomo blamed the manner in which Zanu PF carried out the land reforms for the current food shortages.
“Though undoubtedly noble a programme, it has become apparent over the years that the Land Reform Programme was a programme not well thought out,” he said.
“But, it was a sporadic reaction to a political capital in light of the energies of the new political players in a hitherto monopolised political landscape.
“Food handouts by non-governmental organisations have been an annual feature in the country’s calendar of events.”
He said although food shortages follow some of the poorest weather conditions, the crisis was mostly man-made and worsened by the partisan distribution of food during drought and starvation mitigation programmes.
“It is indeed sad and primitive that a government can deliberately starve its own populace for purposes of political expedience,” he said.
“It is the essence of democracy to have divergent political ideologies with government having the capability to rise above party politics and provide food to all deserving and bona fide Zimbabweans.”
The government recently announced a US$1 billion scheme to support farmers with inputs ahead of the new agricultural season.
But Nkomo said the fact that farmers needed help with inputs at the start of each new farming season was evidence the programme was not working.
“It has become a common trend that the government churns out millions of dollars annually in support of farmers who,13 years after the Land Reform Programme, are still being referred to as ‘new farmers’ and are hand-held by government with no indication of self-sustaining operations in the near future,” he said.
“While government has an obligation to support farmers, the current support mechanisms are not sustainable as they are characterised by an endless cycle of one way financial and input injections which are not matched by equivalent returns.
“It does not, therefore, come as a surprise that Zimbabwe is now a basket case from its rightful position as the bread basket of Southern Africa.
“If current practices in the agricultural sector are anything to go by, Zimbabwe is poised to suffer even more food deficits in the future.”
Labels: COLOUR REVOLUTIONS, MDC, MDC PROPAGANDA, MDC TREASON, NEOLIBERALISM, SAMUEL SIPEPO NKOMO
(HERALD ZW) SA happy with Zim agrarian reform
October 15, 2013
SOUTH AFRICAN Government officials are slowly conceding their country could learn a thing or two from the agrarian reform model adopted by Zimbabwe. SACP deputy chairman and Public Works Minister Thulas Nxesi last Friday said although land reform models could not be similar, Zimbabwe provided a learning platform for land ownership patterns.
Addressing an SA Democratic Teachers Union provincial general council in KwaZulu-Natal last Friday, Minister Nxesi said it was now 100 years since the passing of the Natives Land Act “when 87 percent of the land, including all the best farmland, was reserved for whites”.
“The fight remains to end capitalist class inequality on land ownership and move towards more public use of the land,” said Minister Nxesi.
He said recent research indicated land reform in Zimbabwe had been successful.
Minister Nxesi listed some facts about the success of Zimbabwe’s land reform. He said 6 000 white owners had been replaced by over 200 000 black farmers.
“We might be able to learn something from the agrarian model adopted by our neighbours, essentially breaking down large-scale farms and promoting more intensive small-scale farming.
“In South Africa, we have a constitution that recognises and facilitates the process of land restitution,” he said.
Minister Nxesi said the constitution also required that his department pass the new Expropriation Act to govern the process.
This was being driven by his deputy, Jeremy Cronin.
Minister Nxesi said a person either supported a constitutional process of land reform “or you continue to defend privilege and vested interests”.
He also lashed out at the financial sector and what he called “greedy bankers”.
“We need to remain vigilant against greedy bankers and financial service providers who want to use the excuse of the current capitalist crisis — something of their own creation — to entrench a rapid financialisation of our economy,” said Nxesi. — The Mercury/Herald Reporter.
Labels: JEREMY CRONIN, LAND REFORM, NEOLIBERALISM, SACP, SOUTH AFRICA, THULAS NXESI
(HERALD ZW) MDC officials in land rush
October 15, 2013
Lloyd Gumbo Herald Reporter—
SEVERAL officials from MDC formations have gone behind their parties’ backs and applied for land for resettlement, despite vilifying the empowerment programme in public, which was the raison d’être behind the launch of the opposition on September 11, 1999.
This comes at a time when studies the world over are hailing the success of the programme, with the all-white Commercial Farmers Union — one of the MDCs’ chief sponsors — announcing it cannot continue swimming against the tide and also wants its members to benefit from land reform.
The union has since expressed willingness to work with black farmers’ unions in a federation. Investigations by The Herald showed that officials from the two MDC formations have been applying for farms, with some of them benefiting while others are on the waiting list.
MDC-T Gweru Urban legislator Mr Sessel Zvidzai has expressed his intention to apply for a farm in Cool Maurine in Gweru, while former Gweru Urban MP Mr Roderick Rutsvara applied for land to build a school.
“In Mashonaland East, former Goromonzi South MP, Mr Greenbert Dongo and Chitungwiza provincial member Mr Archiford Marongwe, applied for A2 farms in Goromonzi district.
“But they were told that there are no vacant farms. They were asked to look around for farms that are still under white farmers and advise the ministry. They have not yet briefed the ministry on their findings,” said a source in Mashonaland East Province.
“There is also another MDC-T official from Mashonaland West Province who got a farm in Beatrice. As you may be aware, Tracey Mutinhiri (MDC-T losing candidate for Marondera East) still has her farm that she got when she was still in Zanu-PF.
“Elton Mangoma has a farm along Marondera-Murehwa Road, but he bought it just before the land reform.”
There were indications that MDC-T provincial chairperson for Harare and Glen View South Mr Paul Madzore benefited from the programme.
In Matabeleland North, another source said several MDC-T officials benefited.
“Joel Gabbuza (Deputy MDC-T spokesperson and Binga South MP) has a farm, but I am not sure if he got it through land reform, but what I know is that he benefited from the mechanisation programme. He got a tractor. The party tried to make noise about it, but he didn’t bother.”
Another source from the same province added: “Provincial organising secretary Mr Thembinkosi Sibindi has a farm in Nyamandlovu, provincial secretary for Economic Affairs Mr Agrippa Sithole has a farm in Bubi.
Mr Mark Ncube, the MDC-T Bubi district treasurer, also has one in Bubi.
“Some MDC-T activists who benefited include Esinath Zhou who is wife to Chris Gande of Studio 7. There is also Mr Ernest Ngwenya who benefited in Bubi as well,” said the source.
It is understood some MDC-T legislators in Bulawayo whose identities could not be ascertained also applied, but are on the waiting list.
Among MDC beneficiaries is party leader Professor Welshman Ncube.
“He is into cattle ranching in Somabhula area in Midlands. He is doing well at his farm and has been seen with hundreds of cattle at some auctions conducted in Bulawayo (ZITF Grounds). In fact, he is one of the most successful farmers in the province.
“Former MDC legislator for Insiza South Mr Siyabonga Malandu Ncube also benefited. Another official from the party who joined is Mr Xaba Sibanda who is the Nkayi South district secretary for Transport and Welfare,” said a source.
Mr Gabbuza insisted that his party was against the way land reform was conducted.
“Our party has never been against land reform, but we raised concern about how it was conducted. The exercise was chaotic and violent.
“We know there are no more farms available, but we insist that those who want them should follow proper procedures in applying.
“We have told them that they should make sure they do not get involved in bloody farms where former owners lost blood.
“Our party has also called for title of some sort so that people cannot be evicted willy-nilly,” said Mr Gabbuza.
Mr Madzore said he did not own a farm because his party did not allow them to apply.
“It is not first time stories have been written about me owning a farm. I do not own any farm because my party’s policy is that the land reform was chaotic. We did not have to kill to repossess the land. Our policy as MDC-T, which I respect, restricted me from applying for a farm even
though I wanted it.
“I respect that policy because we agreed to it as a party that we should not take the farms,” said Mr Madzore.
Mr Sibindi confirmed he benefited from the land reform but declined to comment on his party position on the exercise.
MDC spokesperson Mr Kurauone Chihwayi, confirmed a number officials in his party applied for land.
“I applied two times and I am yet to receive a response. There are so many people who have applied for land, but I have forgotten their names,” he said.
According to the Zanu-PF manifesto ahead of the July 31 harmonised elections, the historic fast-track land reform programme created employment opportunities and support for the livelihood of over 1,7 mi,lion.
A total of 976 500 (A1) and 113 802 (A2) individuals have benefited from the land reform programme.
Prior to the land reform programme only 348 000 people were employed or had their livelihoods supported by land.
Beneficiaries of the land reform programme also ventured into tobacco farming that had hitherto been the preserve of only 1 547 white commercial farmers.
Farmers resettled under the A1 scheme have benefited from 4 million hectares of land while A2 farmers have received a total of 3,5 million hectares.
The land reform programme has also been cross cutting with 36 343 war veterans, 14 537 women, 727 youths and 130 109 others benefiting from the programme.
About 276 000 indigenous Zimbabweans are now proud owners of 12 117 000 hectares of arable land that was owned by 3500 white farmers. Every year the farmers are pocketing over half a billion in US dollars after selling tobacco.
Labels: HYPOCRISY, LAND REFORM, MDC, RODERICK RUTSVARA, SESSEL ZVIDZAI
(HERALD ZW) We’ve no vote-rigging proof: Khupe
October 15, 2013
Freedom Mupanedemo Midlands Correspondent—
MDC-T is struggling to obtain substantive evidence that Zanu-PF “stole” the 31 July elections and has urged its supporters to forget about the heavy defeat and brace for 2018 elections. Addressing about 300 supporters who turned up for Mkoba constituency victory celebrations at Mkoba Stadium on Sunday, MDC-T vice president Ms Thokozani Khupe said the party leadership was still shocked by Zanu-PF’s resounding victory.
She said the party should move out of its “mourning” mood and prepare for the 2018 elections. “My brothers and sisters, everyone was shocked by the July 31 elections and I know most of us are still mourning.
“As the party leadership, we have been to all the provinces and we have been told ‘chilling stories’ of how Zanu-PF stole the election,” she said.
Ms Khupe said MDC-T was yet to obtain anything tangible to show the world that Zanu-PF rigged. She said party members should pick themselves up and prepare for the next elections, five years from now.
She claimed that the whole world was aware that Zanu-PF “rigged the election” but needed tangible evidence to act.
“We are yet to get any substantive information to provide the world. We wanted ZEC (the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission) to avail us with the material that was used during the voting process, but they refused. We also wanted an electronic voters’ roll but they also refused to release it and there is therefore nothing we can do,” she said.
ZEC is not refusing to give MDC-T voting materials, but is complying with a court ruling, which denied the party access to the materials.
Sadc and the African Union declared the elections free and fair and an expression of the will of the people of Zimbabwe .
African leaders, among them South African President Jacob Zuma, urged MDC-T to bring forward evidence of “rigging” but up to now the party has not done so.
The United Nations has since congratulated President Mugabe for the resounding victory and the world body’s secretary-general Mr Ban Ki-moon’s message flew in the face of the Anglo-Saxon alliance of the United States, Britain and Australia that stubbornly refuses to recognise the elections that have been endorsed by the AU, Sadc, Comesa, ACP and over 40 countries spread across five continents as a credible expression of the will of Zimbabweans.
Even former UN secretary-general Mr Kofi Annan, whose dislike of President Mugabe is known, recently told the British Guardian that President Mugabe did not need “games” to win.
Two MDC-T provinces — Mashonaland East and Matabeleland North — have openly admitted that Zanu-PF won the elections cleanly despite the party’s national leaders harping on rigging claims.
Mashonaland East took full responsibility for the defeat, while Matabeleland North blamed it on the imposition of candidates, a weak manifesto and shambolic structures.
Ms Khupe said the mourning should come to an end.
“I know everyone here is still mourning this defeat, I have come here to give you hope. We should not continue mourning. We should be hopeful like the biblical David and prepare for another fight come next elections.
“As it is, Zanu-PF believes they have dealt us a heavy blow. My advice to you is let’s focus for another fight,” she said.
Ms Khupe said the party would stand by its leader, Mr Morgan Tsvangirai, who would be the party candidate in 2018.
“We will stand by our president, Morgan Richard Tsvangirai. In Matabeleland we say Tsvangirai ngenkani, ongafuniyo khayekele,” she said apparently confirming the rising discord within the party over Mr Tsvangirai’s continued stay at the helm.
Labels: 2013 ELECTIONS (ZW), THOKOZANI KHUPE
(NEWZIMBABWE, SAPA) Be very afraid, Malema warns at new party launch
HUNDREDS of Economic Freedom Fighters braved the scorching sun for the launch of their party at the Nkaneng informal settlement in Marikana, IN South Africa’s North West province on Sunday.
Members dressed in red berets and T-shirts sat on top of a hill while others sat on the grey clay soil around the stage. Speaking at the launch, EFF leader Julius Malema said a giant had been born.
"A different baby is born today, a giant... A child that walks immediately. The baby that fights for your living wage. You must be afraid of that child."
He said the EFF was a home for orphans.
"This is the home for the hopeless," he said to the applause of the crowd.
He said the EFF was not afraid of confronting white bosses for not paying workers and abusing them.
"You must fight these abuses whether Julius Malema is there or not … You must be a Malema at your workplace."
He said the police should take off their uniform when instructed to kill innocent people.
"Give them their uniforms and weapons. Tell them you do not want a salary with blood on it." He was referring to the shooting of 34 mineworkers in Marikana in August last year.
Malema called on teachers to teach pupils first and go on a strike after school.
"When you strike after school the children will join you," he said.
He told the crowd that the land of South Africa belonged to the landless.
"This is your land. You (the landless) do not have to pay for the land. It has been already paid by the sweat of your fathers."
He said white South Africans were still refusing to hand over the land they had "inherited through theft".
"Till today they [whites] are not ashamed of killing our people. They want us to kneel before them.
"We are not going to do that. We are not going to beg for the land. Bring back the land."
He told the crowd to vote for a real president and not a dancer.
"Refuse to vote for a singer and dancer. We want a thinker to drive the policy of our country.
"We do not want an old man who dances like a teenager. Every time he dances, older people look down with shame," he said.
The crowd responded by waving their hand in a circle, indicating need for a change.
"We must restore the image of South Africa."
Malema apologised to South Africans for having Jacob Zuma as president.
"I apologise for giving you a mediocre non-thinker and non-reader.
"We must vote for statesmen, we must vote for the restoration of the image of South Africa."
Malema vowed to make the Gupta family pay for embarrassing the country, including with their controversial landing of a plane at the Waterkloof Air Force Base.
He said the day EFF took power they would "be punished" for all their "wrongs". He concluded his speech by singing the controversial Shoot the boer song.
The crowd shouted "Juju! Juju!" after he had spoken.
Labels: ECONOMIC FREEDOM FIGHTERS, JULIUS MALEMA
(NEWZIMBABWE) ‘Soft’ Nhema toughens indigenisation talk
New portfolio ... President Robert Mugabe with Francis Nhema when new Cabinet was sworn in
by Gilbert Nyambabvu
NEW empowerment minister Francis Nhema has vowed to “vigorously pursue” the indigenisation programme, signalling there would be no let-up in the implementation of a policy that has unnerved foreign investors and sparked divisions in the ruling establishment.
The former environment minister, who is not generally associated with the ruling Zanu PF party’s hard-line factions, was handed charge of the empowerment portfolio in President Robert Mugabe’s new cabinet line-up after the July 31 vote.
Nhema replaced Saviour Kasukuwere, whose the “Law is The Law” approach divided the former coalition government, ruffled investors and led to public spats with central bank governor Gideon Gono who urged caution with regard to the financial services sector.
Kasukuwere’s shunting aside, seen by observers as a demotion, was welcomed as a possible indication Mugabe probably wanted a less radical approach in the implementation of a policy that requires foreign firms to transfer to locals control and ownership of at least 51 percent of their Zimbabwe operations.
However, addressing a Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries (CZI) conference in Bulawayo last week, Nhema said the programme, a key part of Zanu PF’s election campaign manifesto, would be driven with just as much vigour.
“It is undisputable that as a country we should vigorously pursue the indigenisation and economic empowerment agenda for the benefit of the generality of Zimbabweans while ensuring that we retain our comparative advantage as a nation especially with regards to our manufacturing sector,” he said.
Mugabe also insisted in interviews with state media that claims Nhema’s appointment suggested a change of tact were wide of the mark.
“That is not the case; the ideas, the objectives of Government must be pursued by every member of Cabinet,” he said.
“Yes, they may be different in terms style or presentations of individual ministers but this does not change the objectives set by Government.”
Prior to the ‘verbals’ with Gono - who argued against a one-size-fits-all approach - Kasukuwere managed to reach compliance deals with leading players in the country’s key mining sector, although not without controversy which included allegations of possible corruption.
Nhema howeve, hinted that the Gono’s one-size-cannot-fit-all suggestion would likely be the new approach going forward.
“There is no debate on the imperative of indigenisation; it is the process of implementation that attracts interrogation. The whole issue here is we want to dialogue; tell us the limitations with regards to the law,” he said.
“We are not applying a one size fits all approach. The peculiarities in each sector and nuances therefore are taken into account in the implementation process.
“Some big foreign-owned companies such as Zimbabwe Platinum Mines and Mimosa Mining Company have since come up with term sheets on how they intend to comply.”
Labels: FRANCIS NHEMA, INDIGENIZATION AND EMPOWERMENT ACT (ZIMBABWE)
(HERALD ZW) ‘Land reform economy’s game changer’
October 14, 2013
Tendai Mugabe recently in Bindura
The land reform programme is a game changer in Zimbabwe’s economy that has resulted in the positive transformation of people’s livelihoods.New farmers in Mashonaland Central are creating vast employment opportunities for the youths and making significant contributions to the national granary.
Speaking to The Herald after a tour of several farms in Mashonaland Central on Saturday, Bindura South National Assembly member Cde Remigious Matangira said the programme had empowered numerous indigenous people who previously were deprived of their birthright by a minority white regime.
Cde Matangira, who is among the host of farmers who have registered remarkable success in agriculture, said he was hopeful that the Zanu-PF Government would stimulate agri-business in the country.
“The land reform progarmme has transformed our lives economically and socially,” he said. “We were not what we are today. We are a people who were coming from a poor subsistence farming background, farming on arid, rocky and impoverished soils.
“Having come here, we have now made great strides economically despite illegal sanctions. The Government is now Zanu-PF and we are now going to make it because it recognises that we live and till our land.”
Cde Matangira said it was essential that this year Government provide inputs early, giving farmers enough time to do their preparations.
“In Bindura South we have started receiving our inputs,” he said.
“We are only waiting for the authorities to map strategies on how they are going to be distributed.” Cde Matangira said due to climate change it was now difficult to rely on natural rains and urged other farmers to repair irrigation equipment on their farms.
He is targeting to produce more than 150 000 tonnes of maize during the 2013/4 farming season to contribute to the national granary.
An A1 farmer in Matepatepa, Cde Kanganwai Jonasi, said he was indebted to President Mugabe for coming up with the idea of the land reform.
“As a country we shall forever be grateful to the President,” he said. Our lives have changed dramatically as we are producing enough food for our families,” he said. “Not only are we producing enough for our families, but we are now also into commercial farming.”
He, however, urged Government to intensify efforts to ensure that there were fewer power cuts on farms. Cde Jonasi said incessant power cuts were impacting negatively on crops in their farms.
Labels: LAND REFORM, REMIGIOUS MATANGIRA
(HERALD ZW) Govt wants debt freeze for farmers
October 14, 2013
Tendai Mugabe recently in MUKUMBURA
VICE President Joice Mujuru says Government intends to engage banks with a view to freezing debts owed by farmers to enable them to access funding for the 2013/14 cropping season.She said the stop-order loan repayment system should be resuscitated with respect to farmers who delivered grain to the Grain Marketing Board.
VP Mujuru said this in a speech read on her behalf by Mashonaland Central Minister of State for Provincial Affairs Cde Martin Dinha on Saturday at victory celebrations hosted by Mount Darwin North legislator Cde Novet Muponora in Mukumbura.
Addressing questions of food and nutrition, VP Mujuru said:
“That financial institutions (will) be engaged with a view to securing a moratorium for debt repayment by farmers already saddled with debts to the same institutions, to enable them to access funding for the 2013/14 agricultural seasons.”
VP Mujuru said Government, through the District Development Fund, had acquired tractors to bolster rural tillage and the Zunde raMambo facility.
In Mashonaland Central, VP Mujuru said, Government had allocated 40 tractors.
“The tractors will help chiefs, child-headed families, widows and widowers, people living with HIV and war veterans,” she said.
VP Mujuru said Government would soon formulate a law that regulates contract farming, making it mandatory for farmers and contractors to meet their obligations.
Some farmers have been short changed by contractors after signing contracts they do not understand while some farmers were engaging in side marketing.
VP Mujuru said the law was aimed at creating a win-win situation between farmers and contractors.
“The Government package provides a mechanism for the enforcement of contractual obligations to protect the investments of farmers, contractors and suppliers,” she said.
“This is the law. Farmers and contractors must respect and live within the law. Hatidi vaya vanonyepera kungwara vanoita side marketing or those companies that provide inadequate inputs and pay poor prices that are even below international market prices.”
VP Mujuru said Zanu-PF was committed to implementing promises made to the people as espoused in its manifesto.
In this regard, she said the Government had intensified efforts to provide inputs for the 2013/14 farming season. She said Government had made available US$182 million for the summer cropping season and banks were also complementing Government efforts by developing rural infrastructure such as irrigation and feeder roads.
VP Mujuru said Government was aware of the challenges facing people in Mukumbura such as the poor road network and the need for upgrading of immigration offices.
“I am aware of the poor state of the roads in the constituency and nationwide,” she said.
VP Mujuru called for unity of purpose among party supporters in Mashonaland Central as they elect a new provincial leadership later this month.
The incumbent Cde Dickson Mafios would battle it out with Cde Joboringo Mushore for the chairmanship of the province.
“Team Zanu-PF kushanda nevamwe zvakanaka takabatana,” she said.
“Mazvake-mazvake haatibatsiri uye hatiade. A leader whose eye is blind to nepotism, a leader who does not become cheap and by demonising and gossiping around, but focuses on challenges facing the constituency and how these can be resolved.”
Cde Muponora, who is also the Deputy Minister for Small to Medium Enterprises and Co-operative Development, thanked the electorate for voting resoundingly for Zanu-PF.
Cde Muponora got 17 910 votes in the July 31 harmonised elections against MDC-T’s candidate’s 612.
Labels: JOICE MUJURU, MARTIN DINHA, NEW FARMERS
(GLOBALRESEARCH) The Debt of Developing Countries: The Devastating Impacts of IMF-World Bank “Economic Medicine”
Millennium Development Goals The Failure of the Debt System
By Daniel Munevar and Eric Toussaint
Global Research, October 11, 2013
As the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund hold their annual meeting in Washington 11-13th October 2013 it is necessary to take a look at the state of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). |1| The history of economic development is strewn with attempts to correct the “mistakes” of development policy. The preferred method is to add new elements to the agenda. This approach has led to adding an ever increasing number of issues, from environmental concerns to social policies, into the policy discussions.
The results of this practice are clear to see: of the original 8 Millennium Development Goals, only 2 have been met, with serious doubts regarding the possibility of meeting the other 6. The track record of the current development agenda is very disappointing |2|.
So, the issue is not to add new elements to the framework, but to assess if the elements that are already present are working, and if they are not, can they be eliminated. The one element that stands out on that regard is Debt, as an economic, social and political development policy tool.
Since the implementation of the Marshall Plan in Europe, policy circles have been burdened with the notion that injections of capital and fresh financial resources constitute one of the basic components of development. Based on this premise, the World Bank has tried throughout the last 69 years to help countries to borrow their way into development. In many cases, the living conditions of hundreds of millions of people in the World have been degraded as a result of the debt based policies forced on them by the World Bank and the IMF with the complicity of their own governments |3|.
Instead of providing developing countries with fresh resources, the debt system has forced them to give priority to payments to creditors over the provision of basic social services. According to World Bank data, in 2010 alone, developing countries paid out $184 billion on debt service, about three times the annual resources required for the fulfillment of the MDGs. Even more troublesome, between 1985 and 2010 net public debt flows to developing countries, that is the difference between debt inflows and debt payments, have reached -$530 billion |4|. To place this number in context, this is the equivalent of five Marshall Plans.
Throughout this time, debt has been used by the IFI´s and creditor countries alike to push developing countries to adopt policies that, if anything, prevent them from securing minimum living conditions for their populations. From the privatization and downsizing of public services, to opening internal markets to imports which has seriously undermined food sovereignty, the policies enforced upon developing countries have crippled their capacity to achieve their own internal development.
Therefore, if something needs to be done, it is to cancel the public debts of developing countries. Contrary to what skeptics say, this debt represents no more than a drop in the bucket: in 2010, it reached $1.6 trillion (total public external debt), or less than 5% of the resources devoted by the US Government to bail-out the banks |5|. If such a massive amount of resources can be marshaled to secure the bonuses of banking executives, is it too much to ask to ask for a small share of those same resources to secure better living conditions for hundreds of millions of people around the world? Clearly this is a political question, rather than an economic one, debt continues to be the major obstacle to development.
As CADTM has advocated during the last 24 years, let’s be rid of it.
|1| For a critical analysis of the MDG, see Damien Millet and Eric Toussaint, “Debt, the IMF and the World Bank, sixty questions, sixty answers”, Monthly review press, New York, 2010, Q4 : What are the Millenium Developpement Goals(MDG)? p.27
|2| “Millennium development goals – the key datasets you need to know”, available at: http://www.theguardian.com/global-d…
|3| Eric Toussaint, The World Bank: A Critical Primer, Pluto Press, London, 2008, available at: http://cadtm.org/The-World-Bank-A-c… See also: Eric Toussaint, doctoral thesis in political science, presented in 2004 at the Universities of Liège and Paris VIII: “Enjeux politiques de l’action de la Banque mondiale et du Fonds monétaire international envers le tiers-monde” (“Political aspects of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund actions toward the Third World”), http://cadtm.org/Enjeux-politiques-… French only)
|4| See Damien Millet, Daniel Munevar, Eric Toussaint, “2012 World Debt Figures”, available at: http://cadtm.org/2012-World-debt-figures
|5| Calculated on the basis of the costs analysis undertaken by the Levy Institute, which estimates the total cost at $29 trillion. See, Felkerson, J. (2011), “$29,000,000,000,000: A Detailed Look at the Fed’s Bailout by Funding Facility and Recipient”, Levy Institute Working Paper 698.
Daniel Munevar, economist, CADTM Colombia, and Eric Toussaint, Doctor in Political sciences, Senior Lecturer at the University of Liège, is the President of CADTM Belgium (Committee for the Abolition of Third-World Debt, www.cadtm.org ), and a member of the Scientific Committee of ATTAC France.
Articles by: Daniel Munevar and Eric Toussaint
WORLD BANK AND WALL STREET SUPPORT LAND GRABBING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
WORLD BANK AND WALL STREET SUPPORT LAND GRABBING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
GRAIN Media Advisory | 20 April 2012
Farmers demand the World Bank and Wall Street stop grabbing their lands, at opening of the Bank’s annual conference in Washington, DC.
The World Bank is playing a leading role in a global…
Europe's Sovereign Debt Crisis: EU Countries Subjected to "IMF Economic Medicine"
Europe’s Sovereign Debt Crisis: EU Countries Subjected to “IMF Economic Medicine”
The sovereign debt crisis in the eurozone, where Greece now needs a second round of loans, threatens major economies like Spain and Italy, but IMF-backed lending packages that demand deep austerity with insufficient attention to lenders’ responsibilities anger the public.…
YEMEN: World Bank "Economic Medicine" and the Impoverishment of Yemen
YEMEN: World Bank “Economic Medicine” and the Impoverishment of Yemen
Not all bad economic policies kill people slowly, some do so very quickly. One such policy was the lifting of subsidies on fuel and other essentials in Yemen in 2005. Immediately after a presidential decision to bypass parliament and remove…
A "Stronger" IMF and World Bank Contributes to exacerbating the Global Economic Crisis
A “Stronger” IMF and World Bank Contributes to exacerbating the Global Economic Crisis
The annual meetings of the IMF and of the World Bank in Istanbul ended in a climate of repression. For the second consecutive day, the 10,000 policemen who had been called upon for the occasion used water cannons, tear gas…
(GLOBALRESEARCH) Report finds US-backed Syrian opposition responsible for sectarian atrocity
By Alex Lantier
Global Research, October 12, 2013
World Socialist Web Site
Theme: Crimes against Humanity, US NATO War Agenda
In-depth Report: SYRIA: NATO'S NEXT WAR?
A Human Rights Watch (HRW) report published yesterday exposes sectarian massacres of hundreds of civilians by US-backed Sunni opposition forces during an offensive in early August, in the majority-Alawite region around the coastal city of Lattakia.
Based on extensive photographic evidence and interviews with survivors, HRW found that at least 190 Alawite civilians were butchered and 200 taken hostage by opposition forces. The dead included at least 57 women, 18 children, and 14 elderly men.
HRW acting Middle East Director Joe Stork said the massacres were “not the actions of rogue fighters… This operation was a coordinated, planned attack on the civilian population of these Alawite villages.”
These events are an indictment of Washington and its European allies as well as the corporate media, all of which have backed Al Qaeda-linked opposition militias in Syria. The media have falsely hailed this opposition as fighters for democracy, pressing for a US-led war to support them. Two weeks after the Lattakia killings, Washington began a campaign for war with Syria, based on lies about a chemical attack in Ghouta—pulling back from the brink of war only due to mass opposition from American and European workers.
The atrocities near Lattakia took place amid an offensive starting on August 4, the Eid al-Fitr holiday at the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. It appears that opposition forces chose this date—like the Nixon administration’s Christmas bombing of Hanoi during the Vietnam War—in order to terrorize its victims, showing them that it would not restrain its blood lust even during the most revered holidays.
It fielded thousands of troops, armed with heavy machine guns, multiple-barreled rocket launchers, armored anti-aircraft guns, and a few captured tanks. Syrian army forces retook the area only on August 19.
Alawite civilians who fell under opposition control were brutally massacred. HRW cites medical reports: “Cause of death in several of [the bodies] was multiple gunshot wounds all over the bodies, in addition to stab wounds made with a sharp instrument, given the decapitation observed in most bodies.”
Opposition officials contacted HRW early on in the offensive, when most of the killings apparently took place. The report cites one “opposition activist” who, on August 5, boasted to HRW: “We caught 150 women and 40 children, and killed all the men.”
The report details dozens of cases where defenseless civilians were slaughtered. In the village of Barouda, opposition fighters killed two civilians who were unable to escape: Safwan Hassan Shebli, a paralyzed Syrian army veteran, and his mother Shamieh Ali Darwish, who could only walk on crutches.
In the village of Sleibeh al-Hamboushieh, they murdered a blind 80-year-old woman, Nassiba Salem Sleim, and several of her relatives.
Other civilians were killed as they tried to escape the opposition militias. Ghazi Ibrahim Badour, who was fleeing with his wife and 10 children, said: “They cut off the road, so we tried to escape through the trees, but they were shooting at us, and two of my daughters died. My wife and another daughter were hurt. My daughter Sefah Badour, who has a masters in Arabic literature, and my daughter Sara, who has a degree in philosophy, were killed.”
According to HRW, the opposition fighters who carried out the massacres were largely drawn from five Al Qaeda-linked militias: the Al Nusra Front, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Ahrar al-Sham, Suqour al-Izz, and Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar. The first two are the best-known Al Qaeda-linked opposition militias in Syria. Jaish al-Muhajireen is an ISIL-linked group of foreign fighters from countries including Chechnya, Turkey, Tajikistan, Pakistan, France, Egypt and Morocco.
The campaign was supported by forces directly endorsed by Washington, however, such as General Salem Idriss of the Free Syrian Army’s (FSA) Supreme Military Council. He traveled to the region on August 11 to declare his solidarity with the Al Qaeda-linked forces: “Our chief of staff is cooperating fully with the coastal military front command regarding their military activities. We are not going to withdraw as was falsely claimed, but on the contrary, we are cooperating to a great extent in this operation.”
The HRW report also explains how the operation was planned and financed by moneymen based in various Persian Gulf sheikhdoms, mainly Kuwait, starting in April. They include Sheikh Hajjej al-Ajami and Shafi al-Ajami in Kuwait, as well as Sunni Islamist preacher Sheikh Adnan al-Arour, who reportedly donated $140,000 and, later, $4.8 million.
Al-Arour is infamous for his threat to run Syrian Alawites through a “meat grinder” (See: “Video shows US-backed opposition fighter cannibalizing Syrian soldier”).
The atrocities near Lattakia also expose the treacherous role of the corporate media, which are deeply implicated by their promotion of the Syrian opposition. They have lied through their teeth, praising a collection of cutthroats and gangsters mobilized as part of an imperialist war against Syria, and who are capable of the bloodiest killings, as fighters for democracy.
Such lies about the opposition, exposed by HRW’s material, played a key role in the drive by the United States and its European allies to the brink of war, halted only by the emergence of mass popular opposition. The media blamed several atrocities implicating Syrian opposition forces—such as the May 2012 Houla massacre, or the chemical attack in Khan al-Assal a year later—on the Syrian regime. These lies were used to justify further arming of the opposition against the regime and escalating the war.
In the fighting near Lattakia—where Alawite civilians targeted in sectarian killings could only have been victims of the Sunni opposition, not Syria’s Alawite-led regime—it would have been difficult to blame atrocities on the regime. The media responded by downplaying the entire offensive.
Thus the New York Times, the flagship publication of American liberalism, in particular, covered up the massacres near Lattakia, even though it was very well informed of events there. It spoke regularly to an opposition official, Ammar Hassan, who it said was “in close touch with rebels” near Lattakia, but published only a few brief notes on the offensive, largely in articles on other topics. What little the Times did write, however, covered up the massacre and tended to assign blame for sectarian violence in the area to the Alawites.
On August 5, the day after the first opposition massacres of Alawite civilians, it wrote: “Alawites here have long feared they would face revenge killings by the mostly Sunni insurgents, and pro-government Alawite militias have been accused of killing Sunni civilians in the area. Some Alawites remained in their villages as rebels advanced, and a few wounded Alawites were treated in makeshift rebel hospitals, said Mr. Hassan, who added, ‘Of course the majority of the residents fled to the city.’”
The coverage of the Times, both of the August opposition offensive and now of the HRW report, is dictated above all by the needs of the American state and its foreign policy. After the US postponement of war with Syria, divisions are growing among the Syrian opposition militias, and Washington is attempting to isolate Al Qaeda-linked groups like ISIL. The Times presented the HRW report as proof that the opposition forces closer to Washington were more humane.
In the face of all evidence in the HRW report, it implied that Idriss and the FSA’s Supreme Military Councils were not implicated in the atrocities. “None of those cited as primary participants appear to be under control of the Western-backed Supreme Military Council, which has struggled to show it can retake the initiative on the ground from extremists,” it wrote.
Labels: HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH, SYRIA, TERRORISM
(GLOBALRESEARCH) Foreigners Train Syrian Rebels in Afghanistan to Use Chemical Weapons – Russian Foreign Minister
By Russia Today
Global Research, October 12, 2013
There are reports that some third countries are training Syrian rebels to use chemical weapons in Afghanistan, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said. The intention is to put the skill to use in new false flag actions in Syria, he explained.
The suspected training happened in Afghan territories not under control of the government in Kabul, Lavrov said.
“Some reports indicate that [Al-Qaeda-linked radical] Al-Nusra Front is planning to smuggle toxic compounds and relevant specialists into Iraqi territory to stage terrorist attacks there this time,” Lavrov said.
The Russian minister, who spoke after meeting his Kuwaiti counterpart Mohammad Sabah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, warned against any possible provocations in Syria related to the ongoing process of its chemical weapons disarmament.
“We are standing for conducting the work in a precise manner in accordance with the roadmap and without any hindrances. We warn against any possible provocation,” Lavrov said.
Al-Nusra Front is considered one of the most combat-worthy parts of the militants fighting against Damascus.
It has said that it takes orders from an Al-Qaeda branch operating in Iraq. Many countries, including the United States, list the group as a terrorist organization over several high-profile bombings it organized in Syria.
The use of chemical weapons in August near Damascus triggered a serious international crisis. The US threatened to use military force against the government of President Bashar Assad, which it blamed for the attack.
The tension was defused after a Russian-brokered deal to destroy Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal.
Damascus insists that the August incident and several previous cases of alleged use of chemical weapons in Syria were provocations by opposition forces. Russia shares this view.
Earlier Russian diplomatic sources said the August sarin gas attack was a special operation of Saudi Arabian intelligence conducted with the help of a radical Islamist militant group operating near Damascus.
The group called Liwa Al-Islam is headed by the son of a Saudi cleric.
Labels: SYRIA, TERRORISM
(HERALD ZW) Tsvangirai must go chorus gets louder: Mwonzora
October 11, 2013
Lloyd Gumbo Herald Reporter
THE chorus for the ouster of Mr Morgan Tsvangirai from the helm of MDC-T for failing to unseat President Mugabe in three Presidential elections continues to grow louder, with party structures at national level openly calling on Mr Tsvangirai to step down. For the first time since Mr Tsvangirai’s drubbing in the July 31 harmonised elections, MDC-T spokesperson Mr aDouglas Mwonzora has confirmed the development.
He told a Press conference at Harvest House — the MDC-T headquarters — in Harare yesterday that there were divisions within the leadership on the subject.
“Yes, there are people who have raised issues in the national executive, in the national council, at various forums,” said Mr Mwonzora in response to questions on whether some officials raised the issue of leadership renewal at senior level.
“They have raised the issue about the need for leadership renewal. And there are other people who have also raised the issue that they don’t think it’s a good idea and that we should remain with the leadership that we have.”
Mr Mwonzora said officials were allowed to call for leadership renewal during party meetings.
While the white element within MDC-T — treasurer-general Mr Roy Bennett, former Marondera Central legislator Mr Ian Kay and Bulawayo South legislator Mr Edward Cross — have been outspoken about the need for Mr Tsvangirai to step down, Mr Mwonzora said there were also blacks within the formation calling for leadership renewal.
He said Mr Bennett and Mr Kay jumped the gun by calling for Mr Tsvangirai’s ouster through the Press without using formal channels.
“MDC-T is a party of rules. It has a constitution and it has regulations. Part of the leadership’s responsibility is to make sure that all party members abide by the constitution and rules of the party. If these rules are not being abided by, the leadership has a constitutional responsibility to make sure that the constitutional rules and regulations are followed.
“Regarding the issue of those people who are talking about leadership renewal or succession, the position of MDC-T and the position of (party) president Mr Tsvangirai is that those issues are not crimes within the party.
“People within the party are free to express their views in any manner that they like in the national council, in the national executive and in the national standing committee, this was made clear.
“This was also made clear to the provinces and to the districts that whoever wants to talk about leadership renewal in whatever manner is free. What is not permissible is for party members to ignore the platforms given them by the party. We do not agree with people who then discuss these things in the Press without exhausting the debate internally. The issue of leadership renewal is the preserve of members of MDC-T.
It is not to be discussed with general members including members of the opposition to the MDC-T.”
Mr Mwonzora said the national council, national executive and the standing committee resolved that the current leadership headed by Mr Tsvangirai would remain in place until the party’s elective congress slated for for 2016.
Mr Tsvangirai has reportedly expressed interest to represent the party at the 2018 harmonised elections after having lost consecutively to President Mugabe since 2002.
Mr Mwonzora claimed there was no factionalism in MDC-T as having divergent views did not translate to factionalism.
He defended the party’s decision to take councillors who defied the party decision in voting for mayors of their choice, for disciplinary hearing.
He said the councillors would have to answer questions on whether by voting for mayors of their choice, they carried the mandate of the electorate who voted for them.
Mr Mwonzora said his party would contest any by-election.
He claimed that there were incumbent legislators who remained on boards of State entities beyond the stipulated constitutional time-frame and thereby by operation of the law losing their seats.
Mr Mwonzora said they expected by-elections to be called in those constituencies.
However, all legislators who held positions on boards before the elections stated that they resigned before the 30-day deadline.
Labels: DOUGLAS MWONZORA, MORGAN TSVANGIRAI
(HERALD ZW) West ready to enagage Zimbabwe
October 11, 2013 Obert Chifamba Headlines, Top Stories
Tendai Mugabe Senior Reporter
GERMANY, France, the Netherlands and Norway yesterday expressed willingness to engage the new Government politically and economically
following Zanu-PF’s resounding victory in the July 31 harmonised elections. This was said by incoming diplomats from the four European countries who presented their credentials to President Mugabe yesterday.
The ambassadors, who spoke hours after UN secretary-general Mr Ban Ki-moon congratulated President Mugabe on his re-election, said they had specific instructions from their capitals to start a new relationship with Harare.
Relations between Zimbabwe and the European bloc hit rock bottom after Britain internationalised its bilateral tiff with Zimbabwe.
A source who attended a meeting between President Mugabe and incoming French ambassador, Mr Laurent Delahouse, said President Mugabe brought to the fore the illegal economic sanctions as they relate to Zimbabwe’s economic interaction with the rest of the world and the country’s capacity to export its minerals and flowers.
The source said the President told the French chief diplomat to Zimbabwe that he was not interested in romantic trips to Western capitals.
The President said: “We don’t want to visit Paris. I don’t want your girls. I do not want to visit Paris for romantic purposes. I want to develop relations between us.”
The source said President Mugabe notified Mr Delahouse that some well-meaning ambassadors from Europe to Zimbabwe got contaminated by old ambassadors who had been here for much longer.
The President said France should do a national introspection on whether or not it was right to continue with the policy of sanctions against Zimbabwe.
The source said President Mugabe said there was a group of European countries that called itself Friends of Zimbabwe which did exactly the opposite of what was expected of a true friend.
In turn, Mr Belahouse is said to have replied: “More and more of us in the EU are beginning to share Zimbabwe’s analysis and we now need a new strategy for engaging Zimbabwe outside sanctions and that is why we are reviewing the process.”
He mentioned that the EU operated on the principle of compromise and that tended to inhibit scope for individual countries’ actions.
The source said Mr Belahouse confided in President Mugabe that the policy of sanctions against Zimbabwe was undergoing a review which seemed to be taking a positive direction as exemplified by the removal of ZMDC from the sanctions list.
The French ambassador is said to have told the President that France had only one farm that was affected during the land reform programme which was under BIPPA and that there were measures to correct that situation.
Labels: PADDY ZHANDA, ROBERT MUGABE, SANCTIONS
Wynter Kabimba is behind the formation of parallel structures in PF-Musonda
Time Posted: October 10, 2013 7:00 am
President Michael Sata walking to the rally arena upon arrival at meembe basic school grounds to drum up suport for the patriotic front candidate for the kapiri mposhi bye election Eddie Musonda , with his is (PF) general secretary Wynter Kabimba in lukanga swamps chipepo ward
President Michael Sata walking to the rally arena upon arrival at meembe basic school grounds to drum up suport for the patriotic front candidate for the kapiri mposhi bye election Eddie Musonda , with his is (PF) general secretary Wynter Kabimba in lukanga swamps chipepo ward
A FORMER Patriotic Front (PF) official in Lusaka has supported Mandevu Member of Parliament (MP) Kean Kapata in calling for disciplinary action against PF Secretary General Wynter Kabimba for allegedly forming parallel structures and bringing the name of the party into disrepute.
Wellington Musonda who is former PF Lusaka District, information and publicity secretary accused Mr Kabimba of allegedly being behind the formation of parallel structures in the party to gain support to succeed President Michael Sata.
He said Mr Kabimba’s orchestrated structures had sparked confusion in the party. He backed calls to discipline Mr Kabimba over his alleged misconduct in the recent past weeks.
Mr Musonda said Ms Kapata was right to voice concerns and call for action against Mr Kabimba.
“Hon Jean Kapata is very right for her to demand that Wynter Kabimba be disciplined,” he said in a statement in Lusaka yesterday.
Ms Kapata who is also member of the party Central Committee had so far written two letters demanding disciplinary action against Mr Kabimba. Mr Musonda said the PF Secretary General should face disciplinary action over allegations of forming the parallel structures.
“Mr Kabimba is a Cabinet Minister and on oath who is supposed to keep oath on all the issues. He is accusing his fellow ministers to be corrupt just because he is in problems with the majority party members,” he said.
He said Mr Kabimba was on record having accused his fellow Ministers and some members of the PF of being tribal because of differences on party matters.
He said Mr Kabimba, who is Justice Minister, also accused of Defence Minister, Geoffrey Mwamba of plans to take over the presidency from President Michael Sata.
He said the sentiments had caused tension in the party and that members were now fighting among each other.
“Today Mr Kabimba has turned on Information and Broadcasting Services Permanent Secretary, Emmanuel Mwamba. Fighting Mr Mwamba for what? Mr Kabimba now has more enemies, than friends,” he said.
He appealed to PF Central Committee Disciplinary chairperson, Edgar Lungu who is Home Affairs Minister to take action on Mr Kabimba.
Labels: PF, WYNTER KABIMBA
Calls for Security Council reforms deserve support
Fri 11 Oct. 2013, 14:00 CAT
Last year, presidents Michael Sata of Zambia and Jacob Zuma of South Africa went to the United Nations general assembly and demanded for Africa to have a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council. We found their demand justifiable and deserving support.
This year again, the two African presidents have gone to the United Nations general assembly with the same demand but probably in different words.
Stressing the desire for Africa to have two member seats representations at the United Nations Security Council and two non-member seats, President Sata said:
"The United Nations boasts of an all-inclusive multi-lateralism process, but this is obviously lacking when it comes to the Security Council. The effectiveness of this organ should be manifested in its adaptation to the prevailing global realities of international peace and security and the legitimacy realised through an all-inclusive process."
Putting forward his demand this year, President Zuma said: "We cannot remain beholden indefinitely to the will of an unrepresentative minority on most important issues of international peace and security. There has been too much talk about the need for reform, with too little action. We would like to challenge the Assembly today: let us set ourselves the target to celebrate the 70th anniversary of United Nations in 2015 with a reformed, more inclusive, democratic and representative United Nations Security Council."
Like last year, we this year also support the demands of our two presidents and we strongly feel they are justified and deserve support.
But again, as we stated last year, this shouldn't be a substitute for renewing the United Nations system.
A package of measures is needed to renew the United Nations system. The issue of reforming the United Nations, its associated agencies and the Bretton Woods institutions - notably the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund - should be placed firmly on the world agenda, even if there are very different interests and proposals in play.
We hope the North, and in particular the United States, will not be allowed to continue dictating what happens to the United Nations system in the name of efficiency and cost-cutting. We say this because what the world desperately needs are more effective and more democratic international institutions able to play their full part not only in peace-keeping but in managing and developing a more just world economy.
What is at stake is the very nature and direction of the United Nations if it is not to be emasculated, but rather strengthened. The role of the United Nations in the 21st century has to be different, changes are needed.
The United Nations was founded immediately after a terrible war against Nazism, in which unexpected alliances were formed among forces with disparate ideological tendencies, bent on fighting that terrible evil threatening humanity. That war claimed 50 million lives. Several of the main countries at war emerged victorious, and in conjunction with other less powerful nations, they founded this institution.
Actually, nearly all the African countries were colonies or semi-colonies, and the majority of countries who are United Nations members today were not independent either. Now, we are living in a completely new situation. We cannot really speak today of a United Nations system. We do not have a United Nations system. What we actually have is a system of domination over almost every country in the world by a small number of powerful nations, which under the aegis of the United States - the most powerful nation of all - decide everything on our planet.
With so much at stake, it is essential that developing countries, including African countries, now act as the protagonist to change the direction and content of the debate on United Nations reform. What the South was able to do in the 1960s and 1970s in terms of shaping the international debate, inspired in the first place by just very few countries, can and must be done again.
The South also has the proven capacity to exercise intellectual leadership and to provide new directions for the United Nations, both in terms of policies and institutions. Collectively, developing countries have the strength to counter the onslaught on the United Nations and to put forward their own proposals for wide-ranging reforms to strengthen the organisation, so that it becomes a genuinely multilateral and democratic body in the service of all.
The preoccupations of the peoples of the South also find an echo in the concerns of large numbers of people in the North. There are many other common interests between the South and the North and worldwide problems of mutual concern such as financial instability, unemployment and the increasing social disparities and tensions, environmental degradation, HIV and AIDS, drug addiction and narcotics trafficking, inner-city problems and growing delinquency and marginalisation.
Indeed, large sectors of the North's population can also claim that they too suffer from failed development in their own societies, which is also aggravated by the more rapid pace of globalisation.
By taking a clear stand and speaking out on these issues, the South is likely also to mobilise the interest and support of progressive and internationalist opinion in the North, which may in turn be able to exert greater pressure on North governments to take a more positive, forward-looking approach to the matter of United Nations reform.
As Kofi Annan, a former secretary general of the United Nations, once observed, "we all need an effective United Nations - one that reflects the world we live in today and can meet the challenges we will face tomorrow… we are in a new era, we need a new United Nations. Let's make it happen".
It is therefore our collective duty to struggle for the establishment of such a United Nations. And our demands for a better, more just United Nations should not begin and end with Africa getting a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.
To achieve this, the unity of all South countries is absolutely necessary. The challenges that we face under the current setup of the United Nations are common to us all, regardless of political concepts, systems of government, philosophical convictions. The approach to these vital questions affecting us and the solutions we seek can and should be shared. We should also rise above the local controversies that sometimes turn us into enemies because of old disputes or intrigues, ambitions or the machinations of the North.
Generally speaking, what we see of the United Nations today are the product of the system of domination and colonial control that subjugated us for centuries. We should therefore struggle tenaciously to promote the closest possible unity among the South countries. We must not allow anybody or anything to divide us.
Reform of the United Nations and its associated agencies and institutions is a prerequisite for our countries' progress.
There is no possible substitute for this world organisation, which includes all states. We therefore need to struggle to increase the prestige, authority and role of the United Nations and its specialised agencies and institutions; to give them our solid support as a majority in the struggle for peace and security of all peoples, for a fair international order and for a solution to the tragic problem of underdevelopment that adversely affects the vast majority of countries.
The existence of such an organisation as the United Nations, with growing solidity, influence and power, is increasingly indispensable for the future of the world.
It is therefore very important that as we demand that Africa has a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council, we should not lose sight of the fact that what is most needed and more important is a package of measures to renew the United Nations system. In a reformed United Nations, a permanent seat may not even be necessary because power within the United Nations may be shared and exercised in a totally different way.
Labels: JACOB ZUMA, MICHAEL SATA, SECURITY COUNCIL, UN
HH a merchant of death - Sata
By Mwala Kalaluka
Fri 11 Oct. 2013, 14:00 CAT
PRESIDENT Michael Sata yesterday described UPND leader Hakainde Hichilema as a callous 'merchant of death' who is attempting to gain cheap political mileage from the nurses' and midwives' strike when multitudes of Zambians' lives are at stake.
But Hichilema says he is wholeheartedly behind the striking nurses and midwives and has urged the government to meet their demands as promised instead of issuing threats of dismissals.
Commenting on Hichilema's solidarity visit to the University Teaching Hospital UTH where he met the striking health workers, President Sata stated the overture was aimed at inciting the nurses, pharmacists and midwives not to return for work.
President Sata stated that it was unfortunate that the UPND leader had embarked on a 'cruel and self-centred' mission of encouraging striking health workers without regard for innocent people's lives.
President Sata also wondered how Hichilema expected Zambians particularly the relatives and friends of those suffering as a result of the strike to vote for him, if he was in the forefront of cheering the striking workers.
"Mr Hichilema's cheap attempt to gain political mileage from strikes when multitudes of our people's lives are at stake is not only regrettable but callous. This level of self-centredness and desperation should be avoided by leaders especially those seeking public office," President Sata said in a statement issued by his special assistant for press and public relations George Chellah.
President Sata urged the striking nurses, pharmacists and midwives to resume work immediately stating that the Government was handling their matter competently.
Hichilema in his address to the striking UTH nurses and midwives said when people fail to reason, they resort to brutality.
"The Minister of Health must be ashamed to threaten dismissal of nurses and midwives who were promised huge increments and have only been given four per cent. He has received 100 per cent increase, and he should not even attempt to threaten the nurses," he said.
"If you can't dialogue, if they don't listen to you, how will the problem be solved? But you must know that there are people out there whose minds, whose hearts are with you and I am one of them."
Hichilema claimed that the government was unable to resolve the nurses' strike on time because of its poor policy and management approach.
"The PF government is failing to meet its commitments to the people. The nurses are not in the wards. There is no one dispensing medicine, patients who could live are dying. It is not the nurses causing the death," he said.
Hichilema said it was the nurses' constitutional right to express themselves on such matters.
In May 2010, President Sata as opposition leader then, also visited Zambia Revenue Authority (ZRA) workers who were striking. Upon seeing President Sata, the workers explained their problems to him and sort his intervention.
In response, President Sata pleaded with the workers to return to work because they were dealing with a vicious government, which would victimise them, especially the junior workers.
"Write your demands on a piece of paper so that we can present it on your behalf. Let's meet tomorrow at my office. But tell the people to go back for work because the junior workers are the ones who are going to be victimised more," said President Sata then.
President Sata's dealing with striking workers as an opposition leader had changed from his 2005 strategy where he openly incited workers to go on strike.
In July 2005, President Sata openly said he had incited the miners on the Copperbelt and dared late Levy Mwanawasa to arrest him.
President Sata had cautioned that the then strike by Konkola Copper Mines workers was the beginning of worse things to come.
"What has happened at KCM is just the tip of the iceberg. PF will bring back the same militancy that existed in the mine unions during the days of the late Lawrence Katilungu and Justin Chimba, just to fight corruption," said President Sata then.
"PF is requesting all the mine employees to reorganise themselves so that next time its not restricted to KCM alone. We are regrouping, its not Mwila (Davis) who is inciting the miners, it's the entire PF structure...it's the PF policy to bring sanity to the Zambian workers."
Meanwhile, in a letter addressed to President Sata dated October 9, Hichilema said he went to the UTH to carry out an on-the-ground assessment of the situation.
"Our finding is that the nurses and midwives are still on strike and the pharmacy is still closed, contrary to public media reports," Hichilema stated.
"We are concerned with the current standoff between your government and the nurses and midwives. In typical fashion, your government has negated its earlier pledge to increase their salaries by 200% and has effected increases of up to 4% only."
He stated that the government's programme of harmonisation of salaries was being implemented in a haphazard manner and, in the process, demoralising the health professionals.
"Whilst we appreciate that non-professionals have to earn a living wage, professionals ought to be rewarded appropriately because of their qualifications and experience," he stated in part.
"We urge you to urgently intervene in this matter by committing to reward nurses and midwives according to your government's earlier promise. Threats of dismissal is not part of the solution to this problem. It is no secret that some of you in the Executive got your 100% increment and you are paid on time. It is only morally right that you do the same for the nurses and midwives."
Meanwhile, the Human Rights Commission says the current strike action in the health sector will have a negative bearing on people's ability to fully enjoy their inalienable right to health and eventually, even the right to life.
In a statement following the strike action by nurses over anomalies in the recently granted salary increments, Commission spokesperson Samuel Kasankha stated that even on a normal day, when all health staff were present at their work stations, there were a lot of challenges in health care administration arising from shortages of staff.
"The strike action will tend to cause more inconveniences for clients seeking medical attention, such that permanent disability and/or loss of lives cannot be discounted as possible consequences. We therefore humbly call on the striking workers to resume work and allow dialogue to continue with government over their grievances. We trust that Government has the ability to address all concerns and shall endeavor to do so," Kasankha stated.
He also cautioned opposition political leaders to carefully weigh the situation before commenting on the strike in a manner that appears to encourage it.
We are very uncomfortable with any stance that encourages confrontation between the workers and Government and the prolongation of this needless standoff. Life is sacrosanct and we, together, must promote only those actions that will preserve it," stated Kasankha.
Labels: HAKAINDE HICHILEMA, MICHAEL SATA
Chikwanda unveils K42bn national budget
By Chiwoyu Sinyangwe and Gift Chanda
Fri 11 Oct. 2013, 14:01 CAT
FINANCE minister Alexander Chikwanda is today expected to unveil an estimated K42 billion 2014 national budget. Next year's national budget is a K10 billion increase from the 2013 budget.
Zambia's budget for 2013 was K32.2 billion although pressure from subsidies on fuel which were halted last April and huge salary hike for civil servants last September saw the country's fiscal deficit stressed to 8.5 per cent of the country's gross domestic product, the highest in the post-HIPC period.
According to sources within Treasury, some of the salient sources of finance for Zambia next year will include income tax as well as customs and excise duty at about K15 billion.
The sources said salaries for civil servants have jumped by 50 per cent from this year's projection to K15. 3 billion next year while non-personal emolument programmes had slightly increased from K18.5 billion this year to K22.6 billion next year.
Next year, constitutional and statutory expenditure is provided at K4.7 billion from K3 billion this year.
The government plans to borrow K3.5 billion from local sources and about K10 billion from international financial institutions and other lenders.
In 2012, government successfully issued a US$750 million eurobond and is currently negotiating with Citibank and Standard Chartered for a US$250 million syndicated loan, a bulk of which will go into the road sector where President Sata has launched an ambitious plan to build 8,000 kilometres.
Chikwanda today presents the 2014 national budget at the time key macroeconomic indicators do not appear healthy on the backdrop of uncertainty in key global economies, with copper prices subdued while the agriculture sector is recovering from a combination of poor rainfall and chaotic input distribution.
Zambia's economic growth for 2013 is expected to shrink to six per cent from the targeted seven per cent due to declining copper prices and sluggish performance of the agriculture sector.
The economic growth is, however, expected to pick up to 7.5 per cent between 2014 and 2016.
Secretary to the Treasury Fredson Yamba revealed last month that next year's budget would focus on reducing government expenditure as a way of containing rising fiscal deficit.
"We agreed on measures to reduce the deficit as we move forward in the medium term," Yamba told journalists when an inspectorate team from the "International Monetary Fund) visited Zambia last month.
"This entails that we need to tighten our expenditures and also reduce our borrowing and at the same time, we need to broaden the tax base. That is the only way you can reduce the deficit. So, on the revenue side, you broaden your tax base and then you look at the expenditure side and tighten it."
Since the Patriotic Front government came into power in 2011, the workers in the country have enjoyed an exponential increase in the threshold for Pay As You Earn.
But with the weakening revenue capacity of the government vis-à-vis its increasing expenditure, especially in infrastructure, the government is unlikely to extend, further, tax generosity to workers.
Copper prices have remained sluggish in the larger part of 2013, and government's modest projected increase of K2.185 billion in mineral royalty tax next year from K1.890 billion this year indicate there will be no major changes in mine taxes.
The government had this year planned to create 200,000 decent jobs and as Chikwanda presents the national budget, Zambians would be looking out for a report of the actualised jobs.
The biggest paradox Chikwanda faces as he presents the 2014 national budget is to show how the government will cut back on expenditure without disturbing key social and economic programmes in health, education and infrastructure projects like roads and power stations.
"Just after being in power for two years, you are already constraining your budget," said former finance minister Ng'andu Magande.
"The first budget the PF presented, they said it was for Rupiah Banda; the second one was theirs. Now the third budget, they are talking about regressing… it is like we are going backwards. This year's deficit can only be dealt with by reducing your borrowings next year. If next year they are restraining the budget, how are they going to finish all the road projects they have started? I accept what Mr Yamba said that we have to constrain the budget next year. But what is going to happen to these roads they have started? It means the projects have to be abandoned."
Labels: ALEXANDER CHIKWANDA, BUDGET
50 Zimba headmen call for transfer of cops
By Ben Mbangu in Zimba
Fri 11 Oct. 2013, 14:00 CAT
FIFTY headmen from chief Sipatunyana's area in Zimba have called for the immediate transfer of police officers serving in the district to other places, citing corruption and lack of commitment towards work.
The traditional leaders said they could no longer bear the pain of having police officers in their area whose interest was for only a few individuals at the expense of the poor majority in the district.
They said the officers had overstayed in the area, hence the high possibility of them being compromised.
Speaking on behalf of other headmen during a meeting called by Zimba district commissioner Golden Nyambe held at council chamber, headman Matanyane explained that people in the area were in dire need of security for their livestock.
Headman Matanyane pointed out that there was rampant cattle rustling in the area and the police had done nothing to arrest the situation despite numerous calls from the general public to have the issue addressed in order to safeguard livestock in the district.
The traditional leaders further accused the police of having promoted cattle theft in the area through their dubious ways of handling matters pertaining to issues of animals in the area.
Headman Matanyane also appealed to the government to consider giving them incentives to motivate them for the important work they do in helping govern people in rural areas.
"We also need bicycles so that we can move around in all corners of our villages. We are very sure that the PF government is a listening government and is going to look into our plight as headmen," he said.
The headmen further proposed that government also consider giving them free farming inputs as a way of empowering them for they spend a lot of their time attending to village matters instead of working for their families.
And responding to the headmen's cries, Nyambe assured them that the government would strive to ensure that it meets people's expectation regardless of the area they come from.
Nyambe said he would ensure that the issue of police officers is addressed quickly in order to bring sanity and confidence for the men and women in uniform in the district.
He said the government decided to remove maize and fuel subsidies so as to attend to numerous challenges people were facing such as inadequacy of schools, clinics and road infrastructure.
Nyambe further urged the headmen to be patient with the government and appealed for support in order for development to take place.
He said the government had employed a good number of people since it came into power in 2011 because it wanted to increase access to services.
"Government's plan is to also ensure it promotes livestock in order for people in rural areas to be able to export beef to other countries, so dip tanks and dams will be constructed so that your animals can be free from diseases. People should not cheat you that government is not doing anything to change your lives," explained Nyambe.
He urged headmen to explain to their people the achievements the government had scored so far, especially that he had told them the interventions that had been put in place in order to change their lives.
Nyambe also appealed to the headmen to help stop early marriages in their villages so as to enable children to complete their education.
"Don't rush for lobola; if you educate your children they will keep you well in future and you should also stop gender-based violence," said Nyambe.
Labels: CHIEFS, HEADMEN, POLICE
Kasese-Bota urges concerted efforts against poverty
By Masuzyo Chakwe
Fri 11 Oct. 2013, 14:01 CAT
ZAMBIA's permanent representative to the United Nations Dr Mwaba Kasese-Bota has called for concerted efforts to combat poverty with special attention on employment generation especially for the youth and other vulnerable groups.
Addressing the Third Committee of the United Nations in New York on Tuesday, Ambassador Kasese-Bota said the government was committed to the social development of its people through policy and structural transformation aimed at improving their social economic wellbeing.
She said the Zambian government had repositioned its national development plans to be all-inclusive, people-centered and focused on achieving desired growth outcomes with social integration elements.
She said the government was cognisant that empowerment of women, youths and the needy in the country was the quickest way to reduce poverty.
"High poverty levels, social vulnerability, inequality and social exclusion, higher rates of unemployment especially for the youth, and major health challenges and illiteracy rates still pose challenges to sustainable development," she said.
She told the UN meeting that Zambia was one of the countries with the "success stories" in attaining the MDGs on universal provision of primary education.
Ambassador Kasese-Bota said Zambia had reached over 90 per cent enrolment in primary school, coupled with gender parity.
"Commitments towards significant improvement of literacy levels for all at both national and the international level should be prioritised as education remains key to inclusive social development and empowerment of the vulnerable in our societies," she said.
"The MDGs contributions are tremendous, but more needs to be done to accelerate the progress for the attainment of the MDGs."
She said the post-2015 Development Agenda - expected to succeed MDGs - should aim at expedited elimination of "all forms of poverty".
Ambassador Kasese-Bota said Zambia, in collaboration with relevant partners, had embarked on review and amendment of labour laws to update and align them to international labour instruments, and harmonise them with other national policies and legislation.
On women's protection, Ambassador Kasese-Bota said Zambia was cognisant of the current society imbalances that subject women to social exclusion, vulnerability and inequalities.
She said the government was implementing the gender policy that addresses gender inequality and made deliberate effort to appoint women in influential positions in Government to address the inequalities.
Ambassador Kasese-Bota urged the international community to prioritise social development in the post-2015 Development Agenda.
Labels: MWABA KASESE-BOTA, POVERTY, UN